Review of the Voynich Manuscript transcription file

Voynich Manuscript

With updated Job’s Voynichese and OCR project, I thought a good place to start is an informal review of the digital transcription file of the Voynich Manuscript. I am referring to Stolfi’s “Interlinear” txt file from 5 December 1998 based on work by Landini, Grove, Friedman, Takahashi, D’Imperio, Currier, Reeds, Guillogly and Guy. It’s what everyone uses, including academic researchers. The quality of any statistical investigation rests on the quality of the transcription, which I think can be improved.

Proposed flag of Chad / Drapeau proposé du Tchad / علم مقترح لتشاد

Flags

This design is part of my 2009 flag proposal series (the flag designs from my old site with the most hits and ratings).

Cette conception fait partie de ma série de propositions de drapeau 2009 (les conceptions de drapeau de mon ancien site avec le plus de hits et de notes).

هذا التصميم جزء من سلسلة مقترحات العلم الخاصة بي لعام 2009 (تصميمات العلم من موقعي القديم مع أكبر عدد من النتائج والتقييمات).

Note: My choice of design does not reflect my political views.

Remarque: mon choix de conception ne reflète pas mes opinions politiques.

ملاحظة: خياري للتصميم لا يعكس آرائي السياسية.

The current design / La situation présente / الوضع الحالي

Current flag of Chad / Drapeau actuel du Tchad / علم تشاد الحالي

Current flag of Romania / Drapeau actuel de la Roumanie / علم رومانيا الحالي

The flag of Chad is almost identical to the flag of Romania. This similarity is so close that Chad once asked the United Nations to inspect the issue. However, Romania pointed out that their flag is older, so Chad should be the one to change to make it more distinct. Therefore, here is my proposal.

Le drapeau du Tchad est presque identique au drapeau de la Roumanie. Cette similitude est si proche que le Tchad a demandé une fois aux Nations Unies de se pencher sur la question. Cependant, la Roumanie a souligné que son drapeau est plus ancien, le Tchad devrait donc être celui à changer pour le rendre plus distinct. Ainsi, je présente ma proposition ici.

علم تشاد مطابق تقريبًا لعلم رومانيا. هذا التشابه قريب جدًا لدرجة أن تشاد طلبت من الأمم المتحدة ذات مرة فحص القضية. ومع ذلك ، أشارت رومانيا إلى أن علمها أقدم ، لذلك يجب أن تكون تشاد هي الدولة التي يجب تغييرها لجعلها أكثر تميزًا. لذلك ، هذا هو اقتراحي.

My proposal / Ma proposition / اقتراحي

Flag proposal for Chad I made in 2009.

Proposed flag of Chad / Drapeau proposé du Tchad / علم مقترح لتشاد

First off, this design is simple enough to be remembered by a child, yet distinctive enough to be identified at a distance.

Tout d’abord, cette conception est assez simple pour être mémorisée par un enfant, mais suffisamment distinctive pour être identifiée à distance.

أولاً ، هذا التصميم بسيط بما يكفي ليتذكره الطفل ، ولكنه مميز بما يكفي ليتم التعرف عليه عن بعد.

The overall layout represents the geography of Chad. In the south is fertile land, in the north is the Sahara Desert and in the west is Lake Chad, which is important to the country. The eight pointed star represents the sun, warmth, vitality and hope for a bright future. The eight points represent the eight directions, referring to the vast size of Chad. The location of the sun ensures its importance, as the left hand side will be last part of the flag to wear out.

La disposition générale représente la géographie du Tchad. Au sud se trouve des terres fertiles, au nord le désert du Sahara et à l’ouest le lac Tchad, qui est important pour le pays. L’étoile à huit branches représente le soleil, la chaleur, la vitalité et l’espoir d’un avenir radieux. Les huit points de l’étoile représentent les huit directions, faisant référence à la vaste étendue du Tchad. L’emplacement du soleil assure son importance, car le côté gauche sera la dernière partie du drapeau à s’user.

يمثل التصميم العام جغرافية تشاد. في الجنوب أرض خصبة ، وفي الشمال توجد الصحراء الكبرى وفي الغرب بحيرة تشاد ، وهي مهمة للبلاد. تمثل النجمة الثمانية الشمس والدفء والحيوية والأمل في مستقبل مشرق. النقاط الثماني تمثل الاتجاهات الثمانية ، في اشارة الى الحجم الشاسع لتشاد. يضمن موقع الشمس أهميتها ، حيث سيكون الجانب الأيسر هو الجزء الأخير من العلم الذي يتآكل.

Vector files available on request.

Fichiers vectoriels disponibles sur demande.

ملفات المتجهات متاحة عند الطلب.

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of Chad / Maquettes du drapeau proposé du Tchad / نماذج بالحجم الطبيعي لعلم تشاد المقترح

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of Chad / Maquettes du drapeau proposé du Tchad / نماذج بالحجم الطبيعي لعلم تشاد المقترح

Construction sheet of the proposed flag of Chad / Fiche de construction du drapeau proposé du Tchad / أبعاد علم تشاد المقترح

Construction sheet of the proposed flag of Chad / Fiche de construction du drapeau proposé du Tchad / أبعاد علم تشاد المقترح

Proposed flag of Mars

Flags

This design is part of my 2009 flag proposal series (the flag designs from my old site with the most hits and ratings).

The current design

Current flag of Mars

The current flag of Mars is trash. It’s a generic tricolour, the colours all clash, it’s completely unintuitive and the symbolism reflects only a particular vision of Mars’ future. One day we’ll put a flag there and the planet deserves a better design than this. Therefore, here is my proposal.

My proposal

Flag proposal for Mars I made in 2009.

Proposed flag of Mars

First off, this design is simple enough to be remembered by a child, yet distinctive enough to be identified at a distance.

The best symbolism is that which does not need to be said. So I won’t.

I will say that this is better than the current design in all the ways that matter: It’s original, the colours complement each other, it’s easily recognisable and the symbolism reflects Mars in any context.

Vector files available on request.

Mock-ups for the proposed flag of Mars

Mock-ups for the proposed flag of Mars

Construction sheet for the proposed flag of Mars

Construction sheet for the proposed flag of Mars

Proposed flag of Utah

Flags

This design is part of my 2009 flag proposal series (the flag designs from my old site with the most hits and ratings).

Note: My choice of design does not reflect my political views.

The current design

Current flag of Utah

Current flag of Utah

The current flag scored a 3.47/10.00 in NAVA’s North American flag survey, which makes it the fifteenth worst flag in North America. In 2019, the Utah House voted to solicit potential flag designs to replace the current flag.

My proposal

Flag proposal I made for Utah in 2009.

Proposed flag of Utah

First off, this design is simple enough to be remembered by a child, yet distinctive enough to be identified at a distance.

This design incorporates features of the current flag, the Mormon pioneer flag and the national flag. The overall layout and thirteen stripes are from the national flag. The colours are from the Mormon pioneer flag and the current flag of Utah. The golden circle is also retained from the current flag of Utah. This aids recognition, establishes continuity and suggests connections with Utah’s history and Mormon influence.

In the canton (top-left corner), the circle represents unity, the star represents the sun and the hexagon represents a beehive. The sun has twelve points, which is the number of perfection. The beehive is the official symbol of Utah and represents hard work, progress and community. The conjunction of the beehive cell inside the sun’s rays sends two messages: firstly that each individual has a chance to shine, and secondly that Utah’s positive influence is known well outside its borders.

The location of this emblem ensures its importance. When a flag wears out, the left hand side will be the last to remain. When it is not flying, that corner will be most visible part of the flag. When it is flying, the eye will be naturally attracted to that region as a starting point.

In terms of colours, the blue represents the sky, the white represents salt and the gold represents the warm sun. The colours are all present on the current flag, so any further symbolism they have can be carried over as well.

Vector files available on request.

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of Utah

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of Utah

Construction sheet of the proposed flag of Utah

Construction sheet of the proposed flag of Utah

Proposed flag of New Hampshire

Flags

This design is part of my 2009 flag proposal series (the flag designs from my old site with the most hits and ratings).

The current design

Current flag of New Hampshire

The current flag scored a 3.18/10.00 in NAVA’s North American flag survey, which makes it the tenth worst flag in North America.

My proposal

Flag proposal of New Hampshire I made in 2009.

Proposed flag of New Hampshire

First off, this design is simple enough to be remembered by a child, yet distinctive enough to be identified at a distance.

This design depicts the “Old Man of the Mountain”, a well-known symbol of New Hampshire, overlooking a starry sky. The dominant circle of nine stars represents how New Hampshire was the ninth addition out of the original states in the US. The form of the stars is inspired by the historic Betsy Ross flag, the flag of New England and the national flag.

By representing the Old Man of the Mountain, New Hampshire’s official nickname “The Granite State” is also accounted for, as the Old Man was composed of granite. The colours are all present on the current flag, so any further symbolism they have can be carried over as well.

Vector files available on request.

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of New Hampshire

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of New Hampshire

Construction sheet of the proposed flag of New Hampshire

Construction sheet of the proposed flag of New Hampshire

Proposed flag of Louisiana

Flags

This design is part of my 2009 flag proposal series (the flag designs from my old site with the most hits and ratings).

This particular flag was rated the best of my proposals 🙂

The current design

Current flag of Louisiana

The current flag scored a 4.98/10.00 in NAVA’s North American flag survey. It could be worse, but it could be better, and I had a great idea I couldn’t wait to try out.

My proposal

Flag proposal of Louisiana I made in 2009.

Proposed flag of Louisiana

First off, this design is simple enough to be remembered by a child, yet distinctive enough to be identified at a distance.

The background layout of this design echoes one of the most recognisable flags in the world, that of France. Louisiana was once a colony of the French Empire and its French legacy and influence is still visible today. The white stripe takes the form of a fleur-de-lis, an old symbol of Royal France that has significance in Louisiana in both historical and modern times. The fleur-de-lis was featured on many flags that flew in that region and is still a popular symbol. For example, it was frequently used as a reminder in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina and was made an official state symbol in 2008. A symbol this widespread and iconic deserves the official recognition of being on the flag.

There are also references to Louisiana’s status as a U.S. state. The colours red, white and blue echo the colours of the national flag. The white star on blue in the canton (top-left corner) echoes the canton of the national flag, in which each white star on blue represents a state.

The blue stands for the sky and sea. The white stands for the coastline and peace. The red stands for the blood that we all share and that has been shed in the past. The colours are all present on the current flag, so any further symbolism they have can be carried over as well. Additionally, blue and white are official state colours.

Vector files available on request.

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of Louisiana

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of Louisiana

Construction sheet of the proposed flag of Louisiana

Construction sheet of the proposed flag of Louisiana

Proposed flag of Idaho

Flags

This design is part of my 2009 flag proposal series (the flag designs from my old site with the most hits and ratings).

Note: My choice of design does not reflect my political views.

10th anniversary update

This proposal has taken on a life its own and gone viral since 2009!

It was directly plagiarised by a user on the Vexillology Wiki (not cool!) and modified versions were featured in regicollis’ DeviantArt project and Ben Karnell’s list of best US state proposals.

Although I’m not happy to have been plagiarised, I’m very pleased that the merit of this design has been proven by being spread by others, even though I never directly shared or promoted this page with those people.

The current design

Current flag of Idaho

The current flag scored a 3.17/10.00 in NAVA’s North American flag survey, making it the ninth worst flag in North America.

My proposal

Flag proposal for Idaho I made in 2009.

Proposed flag of Idaho

First off, this design is simple enough to be remembered by a child, yet distinctive enough to be identified at a distance.

The overall design reflects the nickname “Gem of the Mountains”. It depicts green mountains, white snowy mountain tops, a clear blue sky and a brilliant golden star. The star depicts both a life-giving sun and a brilliant gem, reflecting the official state nickname “The Gem State”. Apart from a literal depiction of a landscape, the flag also represents the high aspirations and achievements of Idaho. The colours are all present on the current flag, so any further symbolism they have can be carried over as well.

Vector files available on request.

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of Idaho

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of Idaho

Construction sheet of the proposed flag of Idaho

Construction sheet of the proposed flag of Idaho

Proposed flag of Transnistria / Предлагаемый флаг Приднестровья

Flags

Part of my 2009 flag proposal series. SVG files of the flag and its construction sheet are available on request.

Этот дизайн является частью моей серии предложений флагов 2009 года (дизайн флагов с моего старого сайта с наибольшим количеством просмотров и рейтингов).

Note: My choice of design does not reflect my political views.

Примечание: мой выбор дизайна не отражает мои политические взгляды.

The current design / Текущий дизайн

proposed flag of transnistria
Civil flag of Transnistria

The civil flag of Transnistria is exactly the same as the flag of Russia but longer. The reason was to emphasise closer ties to Russia, but surely there are ways to achieve that without copying the same design! People would find it very difficult to tell them apart. Therefore, here is my proposal.

Гражданский флаг Приднестровья точно такой же, как флаг России, но длиннее. Причина заключалась в том, чтобы подчеркнуть более тесные связи с Россией, но, безусловно, есть способы добиться этого, не копируя тот же дизайн! Людям будет очень трудно отличить их друг от друга. Поэтому вот мое предложение.

My proposal / Мое предложение

Flag proposal for Transnistria I made in 2009.
Proposed flag of Transnistria / Предлагаемый флаг Приднестровья

First off, this design is simple enough to be remembered by a child, yet distinctive enough to be identified at a distance.

Во-первых, эта конструкция достаточно проста, чтобы ее запомнил ребенок, но достаточно отличительна, чтобы ее можно было определить на расстоянии.

This design features the colours of the Russian flag (the Pan-Slavic colours) to emphasise the closer ties with Russia and achieve the same aims of the current civil flag. Because of this, all colour symbolism in the Russian flag can be applied to this design as well.

В этом дизайне использованы цвета российского флага (панславянские цвета), чтобы подчеркнуть более тесные связи с Россией и достичь тех же целей, что и нынешний гражданский флаг. Благодаря этому вся цветовая символика российского флага может быть применена и к этому дизайну.

The stripes of the flag represents Transnistria’s geography. The Dniester River is the western boundary of Transnistria (the name itself means “beyond the Dniester”) so the leftmost stripe is blue. The white stripe represents the river bank. The big red stripe stands for the nation itself, with the red colour signifying the blood that has been shed for it to exist. The colour of the main stripe, along with the form of the star, echo parts of the current Soviet-inspired flag. This suggests continuity and reflects its history whilst still remaining unique. The white star represents peace and the people of Transnistria, and the circle around it represents unity.

Полосы флага представляют географию Приднестровья. Река Днестр – западная граница Приднестровья (само название означает «за Днестром»), поэтому крайняя левая полоса синего цвета. Белая полоса обозначает берег реки. Большая красная полоса обозначает саму нацию, а красный цвет означает кровь, которая была пролита за ее существование. Цвет основной полосы, наряду с формой звезды, перекликается с частями нынешнего флага в советском стиле. Это предполагает преемственность и отражает его историю, оставаясь при этом уникальным. Белая звезда представляет мир и народ Приднестровья, а круг вокруг нее представляет единство.

Vector files available on request.

Векторные файлы доступны по запросу.

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of Transnistria / Макеты предлагаемого флага Приднестровья
Construction sheet of the proposed flag of Transnistria / Строительный лист предлагаемого флага Приднестровья

Proposed flag of the East African Federation

Flags

This design is part of my 2009 flag proposal series (the flag designs from my old site with the most hits and ratings).

Note: My choice of design does not reflect my political views.

The current design

flag of the east african community

Current flag of the East African Community

The current flag of the East African Community is far too cluttered and tries to combine too many things into one. There are plans to transform this organisation into a full federation in the near future. When this happens, the region deserves a flag that is more visually appealing, distinct and memorable. Therefore, here is my proposal.

My proposal

Flag proposal for the East African Federation I made in 2009.

Proposed flag of the East African Federation

First off, this design is simple enough to be remembered by a child, yet distinctive enough to be identified at a distance.

The black represents the people. The gold represents the wealth of the earth and the warmth of the sun. The red represents the blood that we all share and that has been shed in the past. The green represents the natural environment, agriculture and the land. These colours include the Pan-African colours.

The star represents the sun, a bright future and the federation as a whole. The number of points representing the number of founding states [note: There were only five members at the time I made this design]. It is in the canton (top left corner) because that is where the most important parts of a flag should go. When it wears out, the hoist (left hand side) will be the last to remain. When it is not flying, this is the part of the flag that is most visible. When it is flying, the eye will be naturally attracted to that region as a starting point.

Vector files available on request.

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of the East African Federation

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of the East African Federation

Construction sheet of the proposed flag of the East African Federation

Construction sheet of the proposed flag of the East African Federation

Proposed flag of the Union State / Предлагаемый флаг Союзного государства

Flags

This design is part of my 2009 flag proposal series (the flag designs from my old site with the most hits and ratings).

Этот дизайн является частью моей серии предложений флагов 2009 года (дизайн флагов с моего старого сайта с наибольшим количеством просмотров и рейтингов).

Note: My choice of design does not reflect my political views.

Примечание: мой выбор дизайна не отражает мои политические взгляды.

The current design / Текущий дизайн

The Union State, the union between Russia and Belarus, has no current flag. Vladimir Putin has recently been pushing hard for tighter integration and if this union becomes more prominent, it will need a flag.

Союзное государство, союз России и Белоруссии, не имеет действующего флага. Владимир Путин в последнее время активно добивается более тесной интеграции, и если этот союз станет более заметным, ему понадобится флаг.

My proposal / Мое предложение

Flag proposal for the Eurasian Union I made in 2009.

Proposed flag of the Union State / Предлагаемый флаг Союзного государства

First off, this design is simple enough to be remembered by a child, yet distinctive enough to be identified at a distance.

Во-первых, эта конструкция достаточно проста, чтобы ее запомнил ребенок, но достаточно отличительна, чтобы ее можно было определить на расстоянии.

The overall design is reminiscent of the Soviet flag, suggesting continuity and aiding recognition. The red field represents the blood that we all have in common (suggesting unity) and that has been shed in the past (suggesting a deep history). Red and white are the colours shared between the flags of Belarus and Russia, so these are both present. Red is also a very prestigious colour in the Russian culture.

Общий дизайн напоминает советский флаг, предлагая преемственность и содействие признанию. Красное поле представляет кровь, которую мы все имеем вместе (предполагая единство) и которая была пролита в прошлом (предполагая глубокую историю). Красный и белый цвета являются общими для флагов Беларуси и России, поэтому они присутствуют. Красный также очень престижный цвет в русской культуре.

The individual stars represent the people and progress. The white colour represents the snow, purity and peace, and the gold/yellow colour represents prosperity and vitality.

Отдельные звезды представляют людей и прогресс. Белый цвет представляет снег, чистоту и мир, а золотой / желтый цвет представляет процветание и жизненную силу.

With the current membership, the interpretation is “two stars, two states”. The white star represents Belarus in the west (the name means “White Russia”) and the golden star represents Russia in the east (from the Soviet flag). There is also a more general “two stars, two continents” interpretation, where one star represents Europe and the other represents Asia. Regardless of the interpretation, the red field around the stars links them together, and suggests room and welcome for others.

При нынешнем членстве, интерпретация «две звезды, два состояния». Белая звезда представляет Беларусь на западе (название означает «Белая Россия»), а золотая звезда представляет Россию на востоке (от советского флага). Существует также более общая интерпретация «две звезды, два континента», где одна звезда представляет Европу, а другая – Азию. Независимо от интерпретации, красное поле вокруг звезд связывает их вместе, и предлагает место и приветствие для других.

The two stars are in the canton (top left corner) to ensure importance. This is the most visible part of the flag when flying or at rest. When a flag wears out, this is the last part remaining.

Две звезды находятся в кантоне (верхний левый угол), чтобы обеспечить важность. Это наиболее заметная часть флага во время полета или отдыха. Когда флаг изнашивается, это последняя оставшаяся часть.

Vector files available on request.

Векторные файлы доступны по запросу.

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of the Union State / Макеты предлагаемого флага Союзного государства

Mock-ups of the proposed flag of the Union State / Макеты предлагаемого флага Союзного государства

Construction sheet of the proposed flag of the Union State / Строительный лист предлагаемого флага Союзного государства

Construction sheet of the proposed flag of the Union State / Строительный лист предлагаемого флага Союзного государства

View and share this concept on other sites / Просмотрите и поделитесь этой концепцией на других сайтах: